top of page

Food Group

Public·20 members
Nicholas Cooper
Nicholas Cooper

ปฏิทิน 2566 แบบเต็มปี เป็นไฟล์ Excel พร้อมวันหยุดราชการและวันพระ


How to Download the Thai Calendar for 2566




If you are interested in Thailand's culture, religion, or history, you might want to download the Thai calendar for 2566. The Thai calendar is a system of timekeeping that is based on both solar and lunar cycles. It differs from the Gregorian calendar that is widely used in most parts of the world. In this article, we will explain what the Thai calendar is, how it works, and how you can download it for your personal or professional use.




download ปฏิทิน 2566



What is the Thai Solar Calendar?




The Thai solar calendar, also known as Suriyakhati, was adopted by King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) in 1888 as the official civil calendar of Thailand. It is based on the Gregorian calendar, but with some differences. The main difference is that the years are counted in the Buddhist Era (BE), which starts from 543 BCE, the year that Buddha passed away. Therefore, to convert a Gregorian year to a Thai year, you need to add 543 years. For example, 2023 CE is equivalent to 2566 BE in the Thai solar calendar.


The Thai solar calendar has 12 months of 30 or 31 days each, except for February which has 28 or 29 days depending on whether it is a leap year or not. The months are named after the signs of the zodiac in Sanskrit, and they correspond exactly to the Gregorian months. The days of the week are also named after the planets in Sanskrit. The table below shows the names and lengths of the months and days in the Thai solar calendar.



Month


Name in Thai


Length


January


มกราคม (Makarakhom)


31 days


February


กุมภาพันธ์ (Kumphaphan)


28 or 29 days


March


มีนาคม (Minakhom)


31 days


April


เมษายน (Mesayon)


30 days


May


พฤษภาคม (Phruetsaphakhom)


31 days


June


มิถุนายน (Mithunayon)


30 days


July


กรกฎาคม (Karakhadakhom)


31 days


August


สิงหาคม (Singhakhom)


31 days


September


กันยายน (Kanyayon)


30 days


October


ตุลาคม (Tulakhom)


31 days


November


พฤศจิกายน (Phruetsachikayon)


30 daysDecember ธันวาคม (Thanwakhom) 31 days



Day


Name in Thai


Sunday


วันอาทิตย์ (Wan Athit)


Monday


วันจันทร์ (Wan Chan)


Tuesday


วันอังคาร (Wan Angkhan)


Wednesday


วันพุธ (Wan Phut)


Thursday


วันพฤหัสบดี (Wan Phruehatsabodi)


Friday


วันศุกร์ (Wan Suk)


Saturday


วันเสาร์ (Wan Sao)


The Thai solar calendar is used for most civil and official purposes, such as government, business, education, and media. It is also used to mark the birthdays of the king and queen, and other national holidays. However, the Thai solar calendar is not the only calendar system in Thailand. There is also the Thai lunar calendar, which is used for religious and cultural events.


What is the Thai Lunar Calendar?




The Thai lunar calendar, also known as Chandrahati, is a system of timekeeping that is based on the phases of the moon. It is derived from the ancient Indian calendar, and it is similar to the Chinese and Buddhist calendars. The Thai lunar calendar has 12 or 13 months of 29 or 30 days each, depending on whether it is a normal or a leap year. The months are named after the lunar mansions or nakshatras in Sanskrit, and they do not correspond exactly to the Gregorian months. The table below shows the names and lengths of the months in the Thai lunar calendar.


Month Name in Thai Length 1 มาฆบูชา (Makha Bucha) 29 or 30 days 2 เมษบูชา (Mesha Bucha) 29 or 30 days 3 วิสาขบูชา (Visakha Bucha) 29 or 30 days 4 เอสาลาห์บูชา (Asalaha Bucha) 29 or 30 days 5 ภัทรบูชา (Phattha Bucha) 29 or 30 days 6 อัศวิกาลิกบูชา (Atsavikalika Bucha) 29 or 30 days 7 คริสต์มาศ (Krishthamas) 29 or 30 days 8 มาธุมาศ (Mathumas) 29 or 30 days 9 ปุญฺชบูชา (Punna Bucha) 29 or 30 days 10 มาฆปุชา (Magha Puja) 29 or 30 days 11 ผุฒบูชา (Phuttha Bucha) 29 or 30 days 12 อัสสลาห์บูชา (Assalaha Bucha) 29 or 30 days 13 (leap month) อดิกมาศ (Adikamas) 29 or 30 days